The Greenwood Tree – November 2016

The November issue of The Greenwood Tree is now in the post to members. The Editor, Bob Barber, presents a few items to whet your appetite.

gt-nov-16-v41-4-coverThe cover includes a number of photographs collected recently by the the Society’s Photographs Project. They also act as a Who Do You Think This Is? feature.

Go to page 113 and see if you know any more about the people portrayed.

With thanks to Allan Collier for permission to use his photos, and also Sylvia Creed-Castle, Tony Chew and the Sunshine Coast Library, Queensland, Australia for other illustrations on the cover.

Teresa Williams is one of the longest-serving regular contributors to The Greenwood Tree. Her first piece extracting items of interest from newspapers was published in the November 1994 issue (v20.4, p137). Teresa has written an interesting article about her experiences researching newspapers the old way (before the advent of searchable, on-line resources). See page 119.

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The Reading Room at the former Newspaper Library at Colindale.

When were you born? You almost certainly know your own birth-date, but what day of the week was it? On page 109 Richard Scott explains how to calculate it, or indeed how to calculate the day for any event from the Battle of Hastings onwards.

Barbara Elsmore has described a remarkable piece of detective work which arose from an enquiry at the Society’s Family History Centre in Sherborne. Tony Chew had brought in a medallion from The Tailwaggers’ Club for a dog named Sergeant. Barbara tracked down Sargeant’s owner, Margaret Winifred Symes, known as Freda. Freda trained as a nurse, and eventually served as health visitor in Sherborne for 17 years. Read the full story, and how Barbara researched it, on page 103

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Ann-Marie Wilkinson’s Computer Corner has moved on to Australian records, but there is a follow-up piece to Ann-Marie’s last article in August 2015 by Anne Brady on New Zealand records.

Both Somerset and Dorset have a number of distinctive fingerposts that pre-date the standard-issue road-signs we see everywhere. But they are in danger of falling into disrepair and disappearing. It was pleasing to see that the Red Post just north of Sherborne (one of four red signposts in Dorset) has recently been restored and re-erected. Read on page 117 how you can help to save these interesting items of local heritage.

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As the Society approaches the end of its 41st year we can look back at a very successful Open Day and AGM, hosted by the Blackmore Vale group at the Exchange, Sturminster Newton. Jacqui Wragg and her team are to be congratulated for a fantastic effort. I was very impressed with the number of stalls and organisations in attendance, and with the quality of the two speakers. A fuller report by Society Secretary, Ted Udall, can be seen on page 125.

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Doug and Judy Hodges run the registration desk as the crowds gather.

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Ted Udall (Secretary), Sir Mervyn Medlycott (President) & Rose Figgins (Treasurer) at the AGM.

As we move into 2017 there will be a slight change to the publication dates of The Greenwood Tree. Instead of February, May, August and November your copies will appear one month later, at the beginning of March, June, September and December.

Finally, a reminder that now is the time to renew your subscription to the Somerset & Dorset Family History Society. Fuller details can be found in Membership Secretary Patricia Spencer’s article on page 127.

Wishing you all the very best for 2017

Bob Barber

Editor, The Greenwood Tree

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Robert Goadby – founder of the ‘Western Flying Post’

When Patricia Goadby and her brother Michael arrived at the SDFHS Family History Centre one day to enquire about their illustrious ancestor, Robert Goadby, the founder of the Western Flying Post (now better known as the Western Gazette) we were about to shut up shop. However, the timing turned out to be advantageous as we were able to get together with our fellow volunteers in Sherborne Museum, to do some background research, before inviting Patricia and Michael back to hear about what we had been able to discover between us.

Robert Goadby, printer, publisher and bookseller, was born in 1721 and died 57 years later in 1778. In 1740 he established a book selling business in Bath but by 1744 he had moved to Yeovil where he published, on 30 July of that year, the first issue of a provincial newspaper known as the Western Flying Post or Yeovil Mercury. This newspaper was in competition with the Sherborne Mercury which had already been in production for ten years. After the founder of the Sherborne Mercury died, Robert Goadby purchased the newspaper and combined the two papers publishing the first edition of the Western Flying Post; or Sherborne and Yeovil Mercury on 30 January 1749. At this time he left Yeovil and set up the printing house at his home, Bute House in Long Street, Sherborne. Over the door would appear the legend: 

‘The Sherborne Printing House. The Liberty of the Press and the People Fall Together May Heaven Long Avert It’.

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Bute House in Long St, Sherborne

Contributing greatly to the success of the newspaper was the position of Sherborne on the post roads from London to the West Country, and from Bristol and Bath to Weymouth, together with the distribution network that was set up enabling a regular readership to extend from Dorset through Devon and Somerset to Cornwall, Bristol and London. George Tatham was able to tell Patricia and Michael more about the distribution and the advertising that the paper relied upon, when they made their return visit to our Family History Centre. 

Robert Goadby opened up a lending library in Cheap Street, Sherborne, with 1,900 volumes. He was also involved with book printing and his major production was the Illustration of the Holy Scriptures, in three large volumes. It was two volumes, dated 1754 and held by Sherborne Museum, that John Peters showed to Patricia and Michael. John explained that the old books had fallen into some disrepair and he undertook the task of carefully removing the accumulated dust and gently straightening some of the folded corners of the pages. Almost all of the 95 copperplate engravings had become detached and were randomly distributed throughout the volumes. The engravings did not have page numbers and it was only after many hours of diligent research that John was able to return the illustrations to their rightful positions.

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John Peters completes six-months’ work.

examining-bibleGeorge explained that it would not have been possible, under copyright laws, to reproduce a straight copy of the bible unless there were additions made to it. This is how Robert Goadby came to write his own ‘notes and explanations’ for each verse which he placed in following brackets. This must have been an immensely taxing and time-consuming piece of work and as John picked a verse at random and read it out, together with the explanation that followed, we were all rather stunned into silence by the enormity of this undertaking.

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Patricia and Michael were interested in visiting the site of their ancestor’s grave and it is to be found near Old St Cuthbert’s Chancel in Oborne. Robert had a great love of botany and nature and it was said in his obituary that he walked everyday from his home in Long Street to the place he was to be buried and back again before breakfast.

old-st-cuthberts-chancelWe do not know the route that he would have taken but had there been a pathway or track along the Oborne road and present A30, in his day, then this would have been a return trip of about 2.3 miles. He left an endowment for a sermon to be given on the first Sunday in May each year on ‘the Wisdom and Goodness of God in Creation’. It is not hard to imagine the wonderful sights and sounds he would have experienced on these walks which most likely contributed greatly to his knowledge and love of the natural world. When he died he was buried in the unconsecrated ground next to the Chancel and a pine tree was planted on his grave which was replaced later by an elm tree. Sadly in 1969 the tree was clumsily removed as it suffered from Dutch elm disease and the grave, headstone and surrounding railings were completely destroyed.

At some point an oak has been planted and under this recent arrival is a pile of stones which is all that is left of the famous man’s gravesite. 

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You can read more about the history of the Western Gazette on Bob Osborn’s The A-Z of Yeovil’s History. 

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The plaque at 23 Princes Street, Yeovil. By kind permission of Bob Osborn

18 October 2016

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Another box!

As a postscript to The Whittle Box I find that I now cannot walk past any old wooden chests without checking to see if there is a name on the lid, and shortly after dispatching the Whittle box to Australia I came across a fabulous example of a ‘Marshall Improved Air and Watertight Chest’ with the name F. Buckney on the lid. This time, however, I was saved from further action by the firm addition of a ‘SOLD’ sign!

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Barbara Elsmore

2 September 2016

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The Whittle Box

IMG_3270The questions that kept popping into my head all began when I saw a green box with a name painted on it in an antique shop in Sherborne. Who had owned the box? Who had painted the name? What was the script used and what did it say? The script turns out to be ‘Blackletter’, identified for me by a friend who enjoys calligraphy, and the name – C T R Whittle. Some rudimentary research led to one Charlie Thomas Whittle (b.1877 in Yetminster) who went off to board at Kingston school in Yeovil around 1890. Could this green wooden trunk have transported all that he needed to take to school with him? We will probably never know. Further research would also be necessary to show if C T R Whittle was related to the local brewer, Abel Whittle, whose family chest tomb stands outside the south door of Sherborne Abbey.

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The Whittle family tomb on the south side of Sherborne Abbey. Photograph: Barry Brock

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With Barbara Adcock (left) in Sherborne.

The names of Abel Whittle, his wife Ann and five of their sons can be found carved on the chest tomb, which first brought me together with Barbara Adcock. She was visiting Sherborne from Australia, as she had seen the tomb on a previous visit, and wondered if there was a connection to her great grandmother, Emily Whittle, who was born in 1853 in Sherborne. Emily’s father, George, worked with his uncle, Abel Whittle, in the brewery in Trendle Street. She married James Pearce and they had four children, all born in Sherborne, before they left in the 1880s for South Australia where six more children were born. Barbara made contact with the SDFHS Family History Centre in Sherborne where we met, and with the help of Barry Brock, who has a soft spot for Abel Whittle having researched him extensively while looking into Sherborne’s brewing past, we found that Abel Whittle was Emily’s great uncle. The brewery connection surprised Barbara greatly as the Australian branch of the family was originally strictly teetotal. Barbara had a wonderful couple of days in Sherborne soaking up the atmosphere and following in the footsteps of her great grandmother who would have left the little town nearly a century and a half ago. It is quite amazing how peering into the old buildings in Trendle Street Barbara was able to be transported back to the time when her great grandmother was growing up there. Around Sherborne by Nicola Darling-Finan and Katherine Barker’s Sherborne Camera were purchased in Chapter House Books to be taken back to Australia to evoke Emily’s time in some memorable old photos.

On a previous trip to England, Barbara had visited North Cornwall where the family of her father, Jack Ede, had originated and she purchased an old Methodist church clock made by a member of the Ede family in about 1875. She was so delighted to have this tangible link back to her father’s past and it was with this knowledge in my mind, that, when I saw the Whittle box for sale, I was prompted to email Barbara with a photo of the box. The reply came quickly back as, urged on by her children, she was eager to purchase the box and have it transported to Australia in order to have this link back to her mother’s side of the family. I went to the shop and brought it home with me and I think I suspected that this was the easy part and that actually getting it to Australia might be a lot more difficult!

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The box packaged for its long journey to Australia.

However, we will gloss over all of that, plus the fact that the box cost a fair amount at the other end as it had to go into quarantine in Australia and be ‘fumigated’. Barbara and her children think that everything has been so worthwhile as they have this very solid link back to the name Whittle that had turned up in an antique shop in the town of their ancestor’s birth, now sitting in their home in Australia.

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C T R Whittle’s box in its new home.

Barbara Elsmore

29 August 2016

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‘The Greenwood Tree’ – August 2016

Aug 16 GT cover lowThe August issue of The Greenwood Tree will be delivered soon and serves as a reminder to book your place at the Society’s Open Day, which also includes the AGM, if you haven’t done so already.

Details of the event on 24 September, hosted by the Blackmore Vale group, can be found on page 93.

During the Open Day, Sue Thornton-Grimes will talk on Assisted emigration from Dorset to Australia 1830-1860 and Trevor Bailey of Trilith, will provide a series of restored films, some of them more than a century old, which reveal the lives of Somerset & Dorset folk of yesterday. Full details, and a booking form, can  also be found on our website.

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Nat Clark (1831-1899)

Eileen Holloway’s account of her great-grandfather, Nat Clark, was originally presented to the West Dorset group. He was recruited into the Royal Marines and took part in the Crimean War. He kept a journal of his experiences which Eileen has transcribed. In 1857 he bought himself out and returned home to Cerne Abbas.

He later joined the Somerset Rifle Volunteers and rose to Colour Sergeant. He was a crack shot and won a prize for his regiment at Bisley. Eileen still has the pistol presented to Nat Clark, who later became a clockmaker in Cerne Abbas.

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The pistol presented to Nat Clark in 1866

Arnaud Aurejac-Davis, a Society member in France, tells the remarkable story of his 11x great-grandfather, Thomas Dirdoe, of Gillingham, Dorset. Thomas and his son, also Thomas, were captured by Barbary pirates in 1636. The account of their eventual release makes fascinating reading. See also Arnaud’s post on this blog.

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Contemporary drawings of ships in the Weymouth and Melcombe Regis parish registers. Copyright: Dorset History Centre

Diane Brook has found some interesting original documents of relevance to family historians by searching on eBay. She has bought a number of nineteenth century leases for properties in and near Yeovil, Somerset. The documents are a rich source of names and addresses of the owners and tenants, including the family relationships of some of the parties.

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1809 lease between John Goodford and Edward Pester

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The marriage of Beryle Day and Anthony Sharp in Shipton at St. Martin’s Church in 1956.

There are several accounts of early memories, often triggered by previous articles in The Greenwood Tree. Beryle Sharp (née Day) remembers Shipton Gorge, near Bridport in Dorset. Beryle stayed there with her family during the War and has vivid memories of many of the villagers. Beryle married Anthony Sharp in Shipton in 1956.

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A group of Shipton WI ladies, c.1940s. Beryle Day is 5th from the left, back row

There are more stories of schooldays in Bridport Secondary/Grammar School by former pupils, in response to Peter Meech’s article on the first ‘Boss’ of the Grammar School, Walter Ferris Hill.

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William Parsons and family, pioneer settlers on the North Shore of the Maroochy River, 1888: BRN 6898; ref M794454. Image by courtesy of Picture Sunshine Coast, Sunshine Coast Libraries

Eileen Holloway, author of the Nat Clark article, had also shown me an account of William Parsons, who took his young family to a new life in Queensland, Australia, in 1888. William came from a farming background; his father Charles farmed near Wincanton in Somerset. The typed account had been written about 30 years ago, and a small part of the story has been published in The Greenwood Tree before (v30.1, p28, 2005). The story has circulated among several of William’s descendants, but it took some detective work to find the original author, William’s granddaughter, Nais Pearl Childs (née Hooper). Thanks to Nais’s daughter, Gail Ellison, for permission to use the story. Part 1 this time, part 2 in November.

We stay ‘down under’ with Ann-Marie Wilkinson’s Computer Corner, which deals with searching for New Zealand records. All the usual regular features are here: we conclude Andrew Plaster’s Somerset Spotlight on West Harptree, and have a Dorset Spotlight on Bere Regis. What the Papers Said covers local newspaper reports of the Battle of Jutland, which took place 100 years ago, on 31 May 1916. Plenty of news, book reviews and readers’ family history queries should, I hope, make for an interesting read.

Bob Barber

Editor, The Greenwood Tree

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The Sherborne Pageant Project on our website

Header for blogIn the August edition of Who Do You Think You Are? magazine respected writer, Alan Crosby, gave the SDFHS a real boost by featuring one of our current projects – The Sherborne Pageant of 1905. How did Alan know we are undertaking this project? He read about it in the Projects’ section of our website which he went on to recommend that his readers should explore as an example of ‘a superb website’. This is the direct link to the Sherborne Pageant Participants Project. Just think before the days of the website, that so many of us take for granted, someone like Alan would have no idea of what we are up to. I love technology and what it can do for me. I am tapping out this piece on my iPad sitting on my sofa with my feet up confident that it will eventually appear as a ‘blog’ on the SDFHS website. How it all works I have no idea, but thanks to so many others who have thought things through and set things up it all falls into place. I am not a pioneer at all in this but I am one of those who reap the benefits of all the work done by others in the past. The current Manager of the Society’s website is Patricia Spencer who redesigned it in 2014 and she is making a brilliant job of keeping it relevant and up to date. Her predecessor was Chris Lawrence, but it was Alan Brown who started it all way back in October 1995 when a seminar to explore the possibilities of the WorldWideWeb, as it was becoming known, took place in Wells. Within three months Alan had an email address and started to receive emails from some of our members abroad, where things were further forward, and the idea for a website first took hold. Alan wrote about the website in the 40th anniversary edition of the Greenwood Tree which you can read here:Alan Brown articleYou will be very pleased to know that the society made Alan Brown a lifetime member for his hugely valuable contribution.

So what did Alan Crosby say about the Pageant Project? He picked up on our suggestion that cast lists, such as the list of local people taking part in the Pageant, school records, sports team lists, registers for social clubs and more could be compiled by societies, such as ours, and made available. These lists could play an important part in our ability, as Alan says, ‘to put leaves on our trees and help create a more rounded picture of our kin’.

How did the Pageant list come about? Rachel Hassall is the Archivist at Sherborne School where a very extensive collection of Pageant-related material is held and she began by extracting a cast list because of the many boys and masters at the school who took part. Further biographical information has been added to each individual with more information continuing to be added as it comes to light via the project which the SDFHS is now continuing. This list is now available for download on the Pageant page of our website and is a fascinating compilation of names from all walks of life mainly from in and around Sherborne. I remember telling a friend that her grandfather and great-uncle appear on the list and she then remembered some old costumes in the family dressing up box that she would parade around in as a child only to realise now, in light of this new knowledge, that they must have been original Pageant costumes.

This brings me to how the cast list solved not one but two puzzles about the unknown faces found on a couple of old photographs purchased via eBay. The first photo is of a young man with the initials C O B and it was taken in 1905 by Sherborne photographer, W M Chaffin. It was emailed to me by a friend, who collects the work of local photographers, on the off-chance that I could find out who was depicted. My first thought was that this would be impossible but my second thought was to remember the Pageant cast list and so I went straight to it and found the Rev Charles Oliver Bevan, a school master at Sherborne School, who played a monk. I sent the photo to Rachel Hassall who confirmed the identity by returning to me a copy of the same photo held in the school archive with his name in full written on it.

1905 Bevan - reduced1905 Bevan from Rachel reduced

How thrilling to find the identification, and surely a bit of a fluke that would never happen again? But then it did happen again and this time Rachel found a photo for sale on eBay of an angelic looking young boy with the initials E H F D who was soon identified through the Pageant cast list as Eric Henry Falk Dammers, a pupil at Sherborne school at the time of the Pageant. Rachel has a later photo of young Eric to prove that she has found the right person.

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I am sure when the Pageant list was first created there would not have been any idea that it might prove one day to be a way of identifying people in old photographs but then that is how these things, once begun, come to take on a life of their own. I am just very grateful to all those who have made things possible by starting a website, a project or anything at all for the greater benefit of many people like me, so much further down the line.

Barbara Elsmore

18 July 2016

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Washing Day

For centuries ‘Washing Day’ was always women’s work and in cottages and houses up and down the country it was usually done on a Monday. You may see the name ‘Laundry Cottage’ on your travels which reveals that this would have been an early and vital cottage industry.

This photograph of the laundry in the Dorset village of Nether Compton (by kind permission of Michael Goodden) was taken around 1904 and it shows in the foreground the long cottage where all the work was done and where the successive laundresses lived. If you look very closely you can see the washing lines strung out in the back garden.

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The Nether Compton laundry was run by a succession of women, as recorded in the censuses. Elizabeth Leader with her daughters Louisa and Arabella appear in 1851 and Eliza Thorne with her daughters Elizabeth, Mary and Louisa in 1861 and 1871. Emma Beaumont was aided by the sisters Jane and Carmine Carne in 1881 and by 1901 Annie Allistone with her daughter Nellie and her married daughter Annie Palmer were running the laundry. It was easy to pinpoint the location of this laundry in the village as it was right next to the school. In the final available census, for 1911, Elizabeth Marshall gives her occupation as ‘Laundress for private house’. This has led me to believe that a lot of the work of the village laundry would have been carried out for successive generations of the Goodden family who lived in Compton House.

mangle reducedThis magnificent mangle, still in the Goodden family and discovered some 30 years ago hidden behind one of the buildings in Over Compton, looks to be in very good condition. It has the name ‘Harden Trevett & Son’ on it.

Mangle Harden Trevett

advert reducedThe business became a limited company in 1926, trading as Harden, Trevett & Son Ltd, Ironmongers, Hardware and General Merchants and operating from South Street, Sherborne. It was common practice for ironmongers to have their names cast on items they sold. The mangle must predate 1926 but by how many years we do not know at the moment and further research is ongoing.

There would have been plenty of washing to be done for the residents of Compton House as there was a large family in residence at times, over the years, plus visitors and household staff. There would be weekend house-parties and ‘shoots’ and they would have resulted in a great deal of work for the village laundresses. Would the laundry cater to anyone else – perhaps the vicar and his family? I think this is most likely. Did those  living in the cottages send some of their washing to the village laundry? This I do not know. In my family’s cottage there was a ‘copper’ built into the corner of the kitchen and another one outside. A fire could be lit underneath the heavy iron cauldron and the water heated.

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A friend now has a couple of the cauldrons, which were in use originally in Nether Compton, in her garden. For more on this essential domestic item see here.

To aid the washing, blocks of soap would be used and these could be grated to make soap flakes. Washing soda and later Borax would help to get the washing clean. I remember the ‘blue bag’ used in the last rinsing water to whiten the clothes and was surprised to find that Reckitt’s Crown Blue is still on sale today.  Starch would stiffen the clothes and just think of what it would have taken to clean and stiffen the white shirt collars of the day? Originally the large oblong sinks in the laundry would have been made of wood and I can remember some of these in use in one of the barns, many years later, for the hens to lay their eggs in.

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And then there was the ironing. When we cleared my granny’s house in 1974 there were half a dozen flat irons still in the kitchen and I kept the smallest (a Number 3 made by E Pugh and Co of Wednesbury) which I had assumed was for the most delicate work, and the mind boggles at how the laundresses would have managed.

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I also kept some lovely little clothes long abandoned in an old trunk in the loft. They had rusty pins attaching little paper labels with ‘6d’ written on them. The name ‘Goodden’ is hand written onto a couple of them and I believe they were donated to a long-ago jumble sale and perhaps the handwritten name was to identify the clothes when they were sent to the laundry. I do not know how many years after 1911 the laundry continued with the work but at some point, still to be determined, it closed and became a private house and is known today as Vine House.

When I was very young my mother did not have a washing machine and each week she would pack some of our dirty washing into a big strong, oblong cardboard box which was collected and later returned with our laundry washed, starched, pressed and ready for use. She would still do quite a lot of washing by hand and there was a special large heavy pan to boil up certain items on top of the stove. At the earliest opportunity, and certainly well before we had a refrigerator, the very first family washing machine was purchased. This was in the early 1950s and may have been just in time for washing my brother’s nappies. I went to school in the ‘50s and early ‘60s and one of my school friends was surprised to find that in her domestic science book she had carefully copied out a description and a little drawing on ‘How to wash and pin a lace collar’.   So were we really being prepared for domestic service with the swinging ‘60s just around the corner? Hard to believe now!

When my Mum went out to work my Dad, if he happened to be around during the day, would do the family weekly wash in the Hoover  ‘twin-tub’ but he would wait until I got home from school for me to hang it on the washing line. I now realise that the reason behind this probably lies somewhere back in the mists of time when this was most definitely seen as women’s work and it was a step too far for my Dad to be seen by the neighbours to have crossed over this line!

With many thanks to Graham Bendell for sharing his expertise in all things mechanical, metallurgical and more.

Barbara Elsmore

24 May 2016

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